IEEFA report: Gujarat can lead renewables race in India

Improved policies and potential of low-cost solar and wind to accelerate transition

In a race to be the top state in India, the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) has modelled the economic powerhouse Gujarat adding a staggering 46 gigawatts (GW) of new renewable energy capacity by 2029/30, in a new report out today.

The report, Gujarat’s Electricity Sector Transformation – A Role-model of India’s Electricity Transition, identifies Gujarat as one of five leading Indian states for renewable energy in terms of both existing generation capacity as well as future potential.

Tim Buckley, co-author of the report and IEEFA’s director of energy finance studies says the Indian government has rightly identified the need to reduce its exposure to imported fossil fuels including oil, coal and gas, setting the stage for a massive transformation across the country.

“The government knows an over-reliance on imported fuels adversely affects India’s trade account deficit and puts the country’s energy security at risk,” says Buckley.

Ambitious new renewable energy targets of 523GW by 2030 provide states with direction

“Setting an ambitious new renewable energy target of 523 gigawatts by 2030 is a clear indication by the central government of the direction the states must pull towards.”

The report notes that Gujarat has incurred the cost of the recent bailout of its “unviable” imported thermal coal capacity at Mundra. “Refocusing efforts on continuing its already promising renewable capacity additions would see the State come out on top as the country’s renewable leader,” says Buckley.

While Gujarat lifted its renewable energy target to 30GW from 17GW in July 2019, the state could be more ambitious, with India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy estimating Gujarat’s renewable energy potential to be 72.7GW, equally balanced between solar and wind energy potential.

IEEFA models renewables additions of 4-5GW annually to ensure all of Gujarat’s incremental demand going forward is supplied by renewables. This would be a dramatic shift in Gujarat’s electricity sector composition, with renewables forming 70% of its capacity and 48% of generation by 2029/30.

A multi-technology approach is needed that includes renewables, grid expansion and modernisation

IEEFA notes the incorporation of nearly 55GW of intermittent renewable energy on Gujarat’s electricity network would require very active measures and investment on the grid integration and balancing front.

IEEFA recommends a multi-technology approach with storage solutions of pumped hydro and battery storage, flexible gas peakers, demand response management, faster ramping coal power, solar thermal with storage, rooftop solar plus behind-the-meter storage, as well as continued grid expansion and modernisation.

Co-author Kashish Shah, IEEFA energy analyst, says Gujarat can lead the way in transitioning to a low-cost, low-emission electricity system based on renewable energy sources.

Gujarat Electricity Sector Composition FY2029/30

Image: IEEFA estimates

“Gujarat is already well in the race for building renewables capacity between states such as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan with similar renewable energy potential,” says Shah.

Gujarat is also taking the leadership position in preparing for a significant investment in offshore wind as a step in cost reductions to be achieved over the coming decade. This will provide yet another domestic source of zero emissions generation capacity. Offshore wind also brings a strong diversification and more consistent year-round generation supported by utilisation rates of upwards of 50-60%.

“The state is in a position to transition rapidly away from unreliable, expensive, imported thermal power-based electricity sector to a lower-cost, low-emission, deflationary, domestic renewable energy-driven electricity system—perfectly aligned with India’s national objectives of building 523GW of renewable energy by 2029/30,” says Shah. “It will require the state to stay on track and protect investor confidence through a strong and consistent policy framework.

“IEEFA is confident the state will continue to be one of the largest contributors to India’s world leading renewable energy targets,” according to Shah.

Full report: Gujarat’s Electricity Sector Transformation – A Role-model of India’s Electricity Transition

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IEEFA, report, India, renewable energy, wind power, electicity transition, Gujarat, capacity, state, government

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